Research and Documentation

A core focus of the Community Development Investments (CDI) program was learning from the participating organizations and sharing their journies to help other organizations see themselves in this work, develop meaningful relationships and projects with the arts and culture sector, and ultimately better fulfill their own missions. 

ArtPlace America selected PolicyLink in 2015 to lead the research and documentation components of the CDI program. 

The results of this program, along with additional material related to research and documentation methods, can be found on

As a consulting partner to ArtPlace, PolicyLink worked collaboratively with ArtPlace staff, partners, and CDI grantees throughout the program’s duration to harvest the knowledge gained, lessons learned, and impacts observed when arts and cultural strategies are deployed in service of comprehensive community development and planning.

In addition to studying the unique value add of artistic strategies, the research framework that PolicyLink developed placed special emphasis on organizational change, highlighting the learning curve and shifts required for institutions who are taking on creative placemaking for the first time to sustainably and substantively incorporate new strategies into their work.

In service of this vision, the Research Framework features questions grouped into three themes:

  • Organizational Evolution: Organizational evolution is focused on how the CDI organizations may have changed – or identified a need to change – their values, priorities, community partnerships, staffing, or approaches to their work as a result of these ventures into creative placemaking. All the groups are responding to the CDI opportunity in ways that have begun to alter their practices and organizational structure, but from different starting points and in different contexts. They may, for example, be discovering or reinvigorating a set of values that had previously been difficult to bring into everyday practice; or reexamining their organization’s relationship to their community and its residents. They are all using the CDI opportunity to make significant changes in how they conduct their internal and external operations.
  • Collaborative Practice: Collaborative Practice is focused on the lessons to be learned from innovative working relationships and activities between artists, and arts and culture groups, and community revitalization practitioners. The CDI initiative began with commitments to the participating organizations rather than with their specific plans for projects, and the first year saw each of them engage in a distinct process for mapping cultural assets and identifying issues, sites, constituents, resources, and potential partners. As the initiative progresses, each organization is establishing active partnerships, collaborations, contracts and other relationships with arts and cultural practitioners and advisors on a range of projects and activities. These relationships may be qualitatively distinct from the other kinds of partnerships with which these community development groups are familiar.
  • Community Development Outcomes: In a range of different circumstances across the six CDI communities, arts and culture strategies are being used to create or preserve neighborhood or group identity, empower residents, and to build healthy communities of opportunity. Some of the communities are facing intense pressure from the real estate market that threaten the composition and cultural character of their neighborhoods, and others are struggling to attract reinvestment in a way that will equitably benefit existing residents. Some are seeking to integrate newcomers into the cultural, social and political community fabric, and others are seeking to preserve and enhance cultural traditions that are at the core of their identity. The domain of Community Development Outcomes is focused on whether and how arts and cultural strategies have become key elements in the organizations’ efforts to realize their community’s aspirations; and what role arts and cultural strategies play in responding to forces of demographic, economic, or social change.

Each of the six participating organizations also had its own “learning agenda” which include, for each theme, additional questions customized by and for each site, highlighting their unique context, issues, and interests.

PolicyLink has also chosen to bring an artist into the CDI Research & Documentation process to enhance their findings.  Photographer and videographer Chris Johnson conducted a complementary creative inquiry with participants in each CDI community to surface themes related to the personal meaning of this work.

Read more about:


Compendium of PolicyLink Research Products: Microsite

Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco “Transforming Community Development through Arts and Culture” Community Development Innovation Review journal (November 2019)

CDI Research & Documentation: An Account of the Approach, Framework, and Methods (December 2020) 

Chris Johnson: Creative Documentation

6 Briefs:
3 Webinars:
Conference Sessions:
2019 Greater & Greener Conference
2019 American Planning Association Conference
2019 Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture Conference
Shelterforce Series:
Articles & Book Chapters:
Routledge Handbook of Creative Placemaking chapter “Transforming Community Development through Arts and Culture: A Developmental Approach to Documentation and Research” (2021)
Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture Fall 2019 Conference Proceedings “The Pedagogy of Creative Placemaking: A Field Begins to Come of Age” (2021)